• ( ): work instructions between parentheses, in the place directed
  • [ ]: work instructions between brackets, as many times as directed
  • * : repeat instructions following the single asterisk as directed
  • * * : repeat instructions between the asterisks as directed
  • alt: Alternate.
  • approx: Approximately.
  • BC: Back cross.
  • beg: Beginning.
  • bet: Between.
  • BO: Bind off.
  • CA: Colour A.
  • CB: Colour B.
  • CC: Contrasting colour.
  • cdd: Centre double decrease. Slip 2 stitches together, knit one stitch, pass the slipped stitches over (together).
  • ch: Chain using crochet hook.
  • cn: Cable needle.
  • CO: Cast on.
  • cont: Continue.
  • C 2 L: Cross two stitches to the left.
  • C 2 R: Cross two stitches to the right.
  • C2PL: Cross two, purl left.
  • C2PR: Cross two, purl right.
  • dec(s): Decreases.
  • DK: Double knitting weight yarn.
  • dpn (or dp): Double pointed needles.
  • EON: End of needle.
  • EOR: End of row.
  • FC: Front cross.
  • fl: Front loops.
  • foll: Following.
  • g (or gr): Gramme.
  • grp(s): Groups.
  • g st: Garter stitch, knit every row.
  • incl: Including.
  • inc(s): Increases.
  • hk: Hook.
  • k: Knit.
  • K1b: Knit one through the back loop.
  • k1 f&b (or kfb): Knit one stitch in the front, then another through the back. Also known as a Bar Increase.
  • K1 tbl: Knit one through the back loop.
  • k2tog: Knit two stitches together.
  • k2tog tbl: Knit two stitches together, through the back loop.
  • k-b: Knit through the back loop.
  • k tbl: Knit one through the back loop.
  • kfb: Knit into the front and back of a stitch, an increase.
  • kll: Knit left loop; an increase.
  • krl: Knit right loop; an increase.
  • k-wise: Knit wise.
  • LC: Left cross (in knitting cables).
  • LH: Left hand.
  • lp(s): Loop(s).
  • LT: Left twist, to cross stitches and twist two strands of yarn.
  • M1: Make one stitch, an increase.
  • M1A: Make one away, an increase.
  • M1B: Make one back, an increase.
  • M1F: Make one front, an increase.
  • M1L: Make one left, an increase.
  • M1R: Make one right, an increase.
  • M1T: Make one towards, an increase.
  • MB: Make bobble.
  • MB#2: Make bobble number 2.
  • MC: Main colour.
  • mm: Millimetre.
  • no: Number.
  • oz: Ounces.
  • p: Purl.
  • p1 f&b: Purl into the front and back of a stitch, an increase (also called pfb)
  • p2tog: Purl two stitches together.
  • p2tog: Purl two together through the back loops.
  • pat(s) (or patt(s)): Patterns.
  • pfb: Purl into the front and back of a stitch, an increase.
  • pm: Place marker.
  • pnso: Pass next stitch over.
  • pop: Popcorn stitch.
  • prev: Previous.
  • psso: Pass slipped stitch over (as in slip 1, knit 1, then pass the slipped stitch over the knit stitch)
  • pu: Pick up stitches.
  • p-wise: Purl-wise.
  • RC: Right cross (as in: cross 2 R).
  • rem: Remaining.
  • rep: Repeats.
  • rev St st: Reverse stocking (stockinette) stitch.
  • RH: Right hand.
  • Rib: Ribbing.
  • rnd(s): Round(s). In circular knitting, rows are called “rounds”.
  • RS: Right side, meaning the right side of the fabric (the side meant to be shown on the outside).
  • RT: Right twist, to twist two strands of yarn and cross stitches.
  • sk: Skip.
  • sk2p: Slip1, knit 2 tog, pass slipped stitch over (a double decrease).
  • SKP (or skpo): Slip, knit, pass slipped stitch over the knit stitch (the same as sl1, k1, psso).
  • sl (or s): Slip a stitch.
  • sl st: Slip stitches.
  • sp(s): Space(s).
  • ss: Slip stitch(es), Canada.
  • ssk: Slip a stitch, slip the next stitch, knit the slipped stitches together; a decrease.
  • ssk (improved): slip one stitch, slip the next stitch purl-wise, knit slipped stitches together.
  • ssp: Slip a stitch, slip the next stitch, purl. A decrease.
  • sssk: Slip, slip, slip, knit 3 slipped stitches together. A double decrease.
  • st(s): Stitch(es)
  • St st: Stocking (stockinette) stitch.
  • T2L: Twist two to the left.
  • T2R: Twist two to the right.
  • tbl: Through the back loop.
  • tog: Together.
  • won: Wool over needle.
  • wrn: Wool around needle.
  • WS: Wrong side, or reverse side, meaning the side of the fabric meant to be worn on the inside.
  • wyib: With yarn in back.
  • wyif: With yarn in front.
  • yb (or ybk): Yarn back.
  • yd(s): Yards.
  • yfon: Yarn forward and over needle.
  • yfrn: Yarn forward and around needle.
  • yfwd (or yf): Yarn forward.
  • yo: Yarn over and wrap the yarn around the right needle.